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China ferroalloy spot network: in July 22nd, the Ministry of industry and information information introduced the news conference on the development of industrial communications industry in the first half of 2015, and Huang Libin, deputy director of the Bureau of the Ministry of industry and information, proposed a positive name for steel and other industries.
Huang Libin said that the past, such as steel, cement, electrolytic aluminum and so on is high energy consumption, high pollution industry, but now these industries have turned into energy-saving and environmental protection industry, has been the dominant capacity.
Chi Jingdong, vice president of the China Iron and Steel Industry Association, also holds a similar view, he told the daily economic news reporter: "the process of steel production is getting greener, and the quality of steel products itself is promoting energy conservation and environmental protection."
When it comes to the pressure of the current industrial economy, Huang Libin admitted that the problem of excess capacity is more prominent. He said that the original "12th Five-Year" capacity elimination task has been completed a year ahead of schedule, "13th Five-Year" the main task is to resolve excess capacity.
Most of the environmental protection standards for steel
In the past, steel, cement, electrolytic aluminum and other industries all wore "two high and one capital" hats, that is, high energy consumption, high pollution and resource industries. "Now, after all these efforts, we should be right now, because these industries have turned into energy saving and environmental protection industries, and they are already dominant capacity." Huang Libin said.
Huang Libin, vice president of the China Iron and Steel Industry Association, told the daily economic news reporter that the statement that the steel industry was a high energy industry was not too scientific in its own way, Chi Jingdong, vice president of the iron and steel industry. "Steel is not a simple energy consuming industry. In smelting, it can generate two energy sources. At present, about 70% to 80% of the energy needed in iron and steel production is provided through the two energy conversion. Chi Jingdong said. He also mentioned that the production of only one ton of steel ten years ago costs 1.5 tons of standard coal and now only needs 500 kilograms.
And for the high pollution statement of the steel industry, Chi Jingdong said that after several years of technological upgrading, most iron and steel enterprises were basically able to meet the existing environmental standards. At present, there are only a few pollution factors, such as the current can not effectively solve the pollution of the environment, but now the denitrification technology abroad is not too mature.
In addition, Chi Jingdong mentioned that the quality and value added of steel products has promoted energy conservation and environmental protection in recent years. For example, steel products nowadays are becoming lighter and lighter, and they can reduce energy consumption when they are equipped with automobiles.
A positive factor in dissolving capacity
When talking about the pressure on the current industrial economy, Huang Libin believes that structural adjustment and dissolving capacity are a long-term and arduous process, but there have been positive factors in the process.
Taking the electrolytic aluminum industry as an example, he said: "in recent years, through the unremitting efforts to push forward the adjustment of the industrial structure, this year there has been a very good change. Consumption in the first half of the electrolytic aluminum industry has increased by more than 8%. In addition, its capacity utilization rate basically recovered to more than 80%. The benefit was negative in 5 and June. This industry has been in a state of deficit for the whole industry in the past 3 years, but there has been a turning point in its efforts to push ahead with structural adjustment through unswerving efforts.
But Huang Libin said the pressure of steel, cement, glass and other industries still exist. His list of data shows that coal industry profits fell by more than 60% year on year in 1~5 months, more than 60% in cement and glass industry, and 36% in metallurgical industry.
Huang Libin said: "some of the difficult problems in the economic operation are directly related to overcapacity." Take steel as an example, Chi Jingdong told reporters that from the inside of the industry, there are now 12 billion tons of steel capacity in the country, but the demand for steel is about 700 million to 8 billion tons.
In view of the problem of excess capacity, in recent years, various regions have promoted the elimination of backward production capacity. Huang Libin said, "after years of continuous elimination of backward production capacity, the original" 12th Five-Year "elimination task was completed one year ahead of schedule last year. The task of eliminating backward production capacity basically came to an end. 'the main task of 13th Five-Year' is to resolve excess capacity.
Huang Libin said that the way to dissolve the capacity during the "13th Five-Year" period must first strictly control the new capacity, and mainly adopt the equivalent and decrement replacement of new projects. In addition, he also mentioned the merger and reorganization of enterprises, and encouraged the "way out" of the dominant enterprises. The daily economic news reporter also found that the way Huang Libin used to expand domestic effective demand to defuse production capacity was less involved. He said: "we need to promote the use of steel structures and green building materials to the countryside, and promote the use of high quality steel (2028, -25.00, -1.22%) and aluminum materials."
Chi Jingdong told reporters that more than 90% of the buildings in our country are reinforced concrete, and some of the 50%~60% in the developed countries belong to the steel structure. The use of steel structure can not only dissolve part of the production capacity, but also can be recycled, do not produce environmental waste, and may also promote the transformation of steel production structure to high added value in China.
Take off the "two highs and one capital" hat
Huang Libin, deputy director of the monitoring and Coordination Bureau of the Ministry of industry and information, said that in the past, steel, cement, electrolytic aluminum and other industries were wearing "two high and one capital" hats, that is, high energy consumption, high pollution and resource industries. "Now, after all these efforts, we should be right now, because these industries have turned into energy saving and environmental protection industries, and they are already dominant capacity."